The Matsuyama Castle also goes by Bitchu-Matsuyama Castle in order to distinguish it from one by the same name located in Shikoku. The castle was originally constructed in 1240, but the main keep we see today was built in 1683. It is a relatively small castle with two stories, which was typical for mountain-top castles. It primarily served as a defense fortress during the feudal age. It was built on a steep mountain in order to obstruct attacks. This castle was constructed long before the period where castles served as administrative centers and symbols of wealth and power. Although the Matsuyama Castle is not easily accessible, the trail along the way provides excellent viewpoints of the town. There are great stone walls and former castle foundations before approaching the main keep, as well multiple circles of defense. Visitors will find displays about the castle’s history inside the main keep. There also photographs of its major renovations over the past several decades.