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Gifu Prefecture

Gifu Prefecture

Gifu Prefecture is landlocked at the center of Honshu and was named by Oda Nobunaga. The warlord chose Gifu to symbolize his campaign to unify Japan. Many decisive battles occurred in Gifu like the Jinshin War in 672 or the Battle of Sekigahara in 1600. The prefecture is made of up the old provinces of Mino and Hida as well as parts of the Echizen and Shinano areas. It was the center for making the best swords in Japan. The best swords were made in the city of Seki and a cutlery festival is annually held in the town. Gifu is also known for its hon-minoshi, a type of washi paper, that has been designated a UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage. In Gifu you can see the unique cormorant fishing (ukai) on the Nagara River. Cormorant fishing uses the bird to catch small fish by tying their necks enough to prevent them from eating the fish.

Countless historical events had taken place in Gifu Prefecture, but there are many sites that were deemed treasures in Japan and the world. A good example of that is Shirakawa-go, which was inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1995 along with Gokayama. The centuries old farmhouses in the villages are best known for their gassho (prayer hands) architecture. Another city in the prefecture that has attained notable recognition is Takayama, where one of the three most beautiful festivals in Japan. Gifu Castle was taken by Oda Nobunaga, who then strengthened its defenses and renovated the interior to have extravagant designs. uhida Region.