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Kyoto City

Kyoto was the former capital of Japan and is an important cultural and traditional center in the nation.

Kyoto City

Kyoto (京都, Kyōto) served as Japan's capital and the emperor's residence from 794 until 1868. It is now the country's seventh largest city with a population of 1.4 million people and a modern face. In the 1,000 years since the former Japanese capital was established, Kyoto has been at the center of politics, culture, and art, and Japanese history has developed mainly around Kyoto. The streets of Kyoto will provide a fascinating subject of research for the foreign students who come to study Japanese history. Classic Japanese literature such as "The Tale of Genji" and "The Pillow Book", as well as traditional forms of public entertainment such as Kabuki, Noh and Kyogen, originated in Kyoto, and were developed through intimate ties with the lifestyles of the residents of Kyoto. Many foreign students learn the methods of the tea ceremony and flower arrangement in their free time and make efforts to learn and understand the "heart" of Japanese culture.

Over the centuries, Kyoto was destroyed by many wars and fires, but due to its historic value, the city was dropped from the list of target cities for the atomic bomb and spared from air raids during World War II. Countless temples, shrines and other historically priceless structures survive in the city today. In 1994, 17 structures were designated UNESCO World Heritage Sites under the Historic Monuments of Ancient Kyoto. Mt. Hiei and Enryakuji are located in the north east of the city. This was the direction from which evil was thought most likely to come so Enryakuji was originally built to ward off that danger. South Kyoto, south of Kyoto station has few attractions other than Toji Temple and its vast flea market on the 21st of each month. The south east of Kyoto has much more of interest including Fushimi and its wonderful Fushimi Inari Shrine, sake breweries and Fushimi-Momoyama Castle.

Things To Do in Kyoto City